Murder of Kim San Bano, when Begum Junagarh had to go to jail
Newspapers of 1952 and 1953 were full of cases of murder of a maid at the hands of Begum of Junagarh. The trial began on January 28, 1952, when Karachi police arrested Begum Junagarh on charges of murdering her maid, Bano.
Junagarh was a Muslim state in India.
At the time of the formation of Pakistan, the rulers of this state had decided to join Pakistan but later India occupied the state and the ruler of the state Nawab Mahabat Ali Khan took up residence in Pakistan with his family.
Munawar Jahan was the first wife of Nawab Mahabat Ali Khan who was the daughter of Saadat Muhammad Khan, the ruler of Bhopal. Princess Abida Sultan has written in great detail about Munawar Jahan in her autobiography, Abida Sultan: The Autobiography of a Revolutionary Princess.
She writes, “There was a degree of contradiction in the character of Maa Saab, who was very handsome, a friend of friends and a waste of money. She was very generous to some people and very cruel to others. Her personality was emotional and kind, she was very hospitable to those who came to her house, whether rich or poor. The cruel nature of her nature was manifested only when she used to work with her employees. She was very humble and loving to the world, but her attitude towards her employees was very hateful.
Princess Abida Sultan goes on to write in her book, “When I came to Pakistan in 1950, I saw the Royal Junagarh House, a strangely shapeless and luxurious lifestyle.
His attitude was a disgrace to the government of Pakistan and to those of us who belonged to the imperial states. Nawab Junagarh’s constant hobby was to engage in the army of dogs he had brought with him from Junagarh. These dogs paraded regularly in front of the Huskies every morning and often held pet wedding ceremonies in which they were dressed as the bride and groom.
Music concerts and courtship tributes. His elder wife Munawar Jahan (mother Sab) lived in a separate house which was named after his son and heir Dilawar Khan Ji.
Dilawar Manzil was also full of Maa Sab’s Bhopali relatives, parasites and personal servants.
The relationship between Maa Sab and Nawab Mahabat Ali Khan was strained, giving them an inadequate reputation that forced them to sell jewelery to maintain their lavish lifestyle. She was fond of buying race horses and gambling. She gambled at the behest of unscrupulous gamblers and swindlers and after losing she mortgaged her precious jewelery to the jewelers of Karachi.
Princess Abida Sultan writes that ‘the maintenance of Mother Sab’s house was the responsibility of a terrifying, six-foot-tall, Habshan named Allah Rakhi. Mother Saab’s anger at the minor shortcomings of the employees was brought down by the woman who used to harass the poor female employees. She was also allowed to keep her bed, clothes, silverware and two servants with her. Gone
Mother Saab refused to give a statement to the police and said talk to my lawyer. He enlisted the services of Akhtar Adil, a well-known lawyer in Karachi. The next day’s newspapers were full of headlines about Bano’s murder. Police had also arrested Allah Rakhi.
Mother Saab, senior Begum of Junagarh, regular horse racing enthusiast, celebrity of the society and wife of Nawab Junagarh who had done the feat of integrating her state into Pakistan, was sent to jail and killed Bano. Was indicted.
When the news reached Princess Abida Sultan, she consulted with Foreign Secretary Ikramullah and Nawab Junagarh, but to no avail.
Mr. Ikramullah said that he sympathized with Begum Junagarh but he could not interfere in the law, while Nawab Junagarh seemed careless and indifferent in this whole matter. Meanwhile, Begum Junagarh’s lawyers in the court also raised the constitutional point that Junagarh is an independent state and Pakistan’s ruling does not apply to its ruling family.
A new debate ensued and the court ruled that Junagarh was an independent state before 1947. Now its ruling family members are citizens of Pakistan and can be subject to Pakistani sanctions.
Princess Abida Sultan writes, “I was shocked by Mother Saab’s actions, but I used to go to the jail regularly to meet her. In prison, mother Saab made the prison staff her addict for money.
He was provided with maximum facilities, his room had become a court, where the chief jailer and his companions were engaged in his flattery. Mother Sab told Princess Abida Sultan secretly that the stupid jailer was in her fist. It was as if the rope had burned, but the bills had not gone.
According to Jang-e-Karachi, the case lasted for almost a year. In this case, Mr. Raymond and Malik Sharihuddin followed the prosecution while Dayal Mill Lalwani, Hassan Ali Abdul Rehman and Mr. Ghaznavi appeared on behalf of the accused.
Mother Saab’s lawyers succeeded in reducing the charge of homicide to involuntary manslaughter.
On February 16, 1953, Justice Muhammad Bachal of the Sindh Chief Court agreed with the jury.
The daily Jang wrote that after 13 months of imprisonment, when Begum Junagarh heard this decision, tears flowed from her eyes and she started crying. At 5 pm, Begum Junagarh paid the fine to the court, after which she was released.
Hundreds of people had gathered in the premises of the Chief Court to hear the verdict in the murder case against Begum Junagarh, who were anxiously questioning the verdict from those who came out of the court.
Outside the court, there were many people waiting for the verdict who were betting on the verdict.
Mother Sab Dilawar returned to the destination, but the former luxury and extravagance had become a thing of the past and most of the jewelery had been sold. The rest of his years in Karachi were spent in poverty and despair. It is unknown at this time what he will do after leaving the post.
Bano’s assassination was a major event in Pakistan’s early years. Ahmed Faraz also wrote a poem on this incident which is included in his book ‘Tanha Tanha’. The title of the poem was ‘Banu Ke Naam’.
Sinful maids of the royal palace
What crime did you commit that you were sentenced to death?
What was the secret against Ta’zeer Narwa?
The wet eyes did not burn, the wet tongues did not move
What was the great sin that caused it?
Every oppression was endured with a good heart
That’s all I heard, that’s all your fault
That you had to know some bitter secrets of Qasr
Your eyes counted the stains of those solitary pumpkins
Who had to hide their eunuchs in money and beans
You did not know the punishment for this mistake
There were thousands of shackles and whips
This ritual is not fresh if it slips
The mood of the short-lived was offensive
Always for the illusion of high palaces
In each case, they have seized it, despite obstacles we can scarcely imagine. “
Pomegranate buds in the ever chosen wall
Shakuntala was once stoned
But this throne, this sultan, this begum, this palace
Innocent in the eyes of historians
Even if a secret is revealed
The fans of the time remained crooked
The people were burning in the fire of oppression
Where there is always shelter
Prominent writer Ashfaq Naqvi has also mentioned this murder case of Begum Junagarh in his book ‘Pop Beti’.
He was employed in Junagarh before partition and had his personal ceremonies with the ruling family of Junagarh. When he came to know about the arrest of Begum Junagarh, he went to the jail to meet her. “When I entered the jail, I found out that there was a VIP block that the British had built for their prisoners,” he writes. There Begum Sahiba Gao was sitting on the bed leaning on the pillow and a maid was pressing her legs, there was a silver pan nearby, she put the pan with her hand and gave it to me which I pressed in my teeth, sympathetic. Talked and came out.
In his book, Ashfaq Naqvi has recorded a few verses from a poem by Samad Rizvi, a poet from Hyderabad (Deccan), which he wrote about the incident.
Peace be upon you, O slain woman of tyranny
Peace be upon him who loves Allah
Peace be upon him
The delicacy of the temperament kingdom was eaten away
You have made the place of poverty clear
Do all the good deeds of the naked Qasr Sultani
Thousands of Ahramzada sons are the cradle of civilization
Thousands of serpents have taken the form of begums
Munawar Jahan’s son Muhammad Dilawar Khanji made a name for himself in politics for a short time. He held the post of Governor of Sindh from March 1, 1976 to July 5, 1977. He died on August 30, 1989. He was promoted to the symbolic position of Nawab of Junagarh after the death of his father Muhammad Mahabat Khanji on November 7, 1959. At present, Dilawar Khanji’s son Muhammad Jahangir Khanji holds the post of Nawab of Junagarh.